Why Should You Consider Cloth Diapers?

By: Ashley   /   Apr 11, 2012   /   Holistic Lifestyle   /   11 Comments

cloth-diapers

Why choose cloth diapers?

In today’s society where disposable diapers can be obtained easily, a lot of people wonder why on earth someone would CHOOSE to cloth diaper. This post isn’t meant to be guilt-inducing (this is certainly a personal choice!) but rather just informational to a mom who is genuinely curious about her options.

Cost

I think cost is the main reason for most people. Cloth diapering is more money upfront, but the cost savings in the long run are significant. I asked some non-cloth-diapering friends what their diaper budget is, and it seems that you can expect to spend between $500 and $1000 a year on disposable diapers. (The price will vary depending on your brand preferences and how well you’re able to take advantage of sales and coupons.)

If you wanted to spend as little money on cloth diapers as possible, I estimate that you can get everything you need for about $200. These are the simplest diapers – traditional prefolds and covers. The disadvantage is they aren’t the easiest and have the largest learning curve of modern cloth diapers. What if you try them and aren’t a fan? What if you prefer the ease of a pocket diaper? Is it still cheaper? Well, here is a breakdown of that. One of the most popular brands and styles is bumGenius one-size pocket diapers. These have the ease of being similar-to-disposable (no separate covers) and should last from 7 to 35lbs – so for most babies, from birth to potty training. We’ll say you buy 18 – that’s a good, comfortable number, but you could get by with fewer. You can generally find them for $17.95 each. (All my prices for accessories are from Amazon.com.)

bumGenius One-Size Cloth Diaper – 18 @ $17.95 ea = $323.10
Diaper Pail (inexpensive trash can with lid) – $12.00
Diaper Pail Liner – 2 @ $16.50 ea = $33.00
Wet Bag – $9.50
Diaper Sprayer – $44.95
TOTAL: $422.55

So you’re looking at a little over $400 for your child from birth to potty training. That is significantly less than the $1500-$3000 price point for three years of disposable diapers – and cloth diapers can be used by multiple children. When you no longer need or want them, then you can sell them – secondhand diapers in good condition have a great resale value (70%).You don’t need to buy your diapers new, though – you could get the same diapers by buying them secondhand, making the money savings even greater. Another way of saving money is by using cloth wipes – my favorite wipes were made for me by a friend with leftover cotton fabric (cheap! easy!). Energy costs for washing diapers vary greatly depending on the washer/dryer you have and the cost of utilities where you live, but one reference I read estimates the cost a little over a penny per diaper change.

Ecological Benefits

Going green is a hot topic these days, and the ecologically-savvy mom is always looking for ways to reduce and reuse. According to Real Diaper Association, disposable diapers generate sixty times more solid waste and use twenty times more raw materials (crude oil and wood pulp). The manufacture and use of disposable diapers amounts to 2.3 times more water wasted than cloth. They also sit in landfills for hundreds of years (250-500 years is the estimate). They are filled with chemicals and human waste that can potentially contaminate groundwater. Each baby can go through 6,000 diapers before he’s potty trained – that’s a LOT of single-use diapers being thrown away! Waste from cloth diapers are also washed away through the sewer system where it is properly treated. Cloth diapers are reused many times, and after that they can be repurposed as rags, before they end up in a landfill. Once there, they will break down faster than disposables, especially ones that are made from purely organic materials. Compared that to 6,000 disposables, you can see why cloth is much more earth-friendly! Also, for the cloth-diapering mom who is concerned about energy costs, cloth does really well in the sun being line-dried. Being able to opt for that instead of using the dryer is even better!

Better for Baby

The health benefits of cloth diapers were the most frustrating part of my research. A lot of the studies are 10 or more years old, because of a lack of funding for studies and tests. Some moms research this and decide to never allow their children to be in disposable diapers. I wasn’t convicted to the same degree after my research, but in general I am a fan of reducing the amount of chemicals that are on my daughter’s body all the time. Please see the end for helpful links so you can do your own research.

Dioxins – Dioxins are the by-product of bleaching the wood-pulp. They are highly toxic and cause reproductive and developmental problems, damage the immune system, interfere with hormones, and also cause cancer. The absorbent pad of a disposable diaper are made with super-absorbent polymers mixed with wood-pulp. The wood-pulp is bleached with a process that uses chlorine, and dioxins are released when this happens. This is not only a concern to the child wearing the diapers, but also to the general public when the diapers are put in landfills. A lot of diapers claim to be chlorine-free, including Pampers, which usually means they are what is called elemental chlorine-free (ECF). That is a process that uses chlorine dioxide (a compound) instead of chlorine gas. From my understanding, this is better but the presence of dioxins is still a concern. To avoid them completely, look for diapers that are totally chlorine-free (TCF). There are only a few brands of disposable diapers that claim this, but since cloth diapers don’t have wood pulp then you can be assured that they are TCF and dioxin-free.

Tributyltin (TBT) – In 2000, Greenpeace Germany announced that test results of three brands of disposable diapers showed there were traces of tributyltin (TBT) – a chemical compound of tin, carbon and hydrogen. TBT is consider a toxic chemical that has negative effects on humans and the environment, and can be absorbed through the skin. Studies have suggested it may have hormonal implications as well, specifically with male sterility. While all this is concerning, I also couldn’t find anything more recent than the 2000 report. When I contacted Pampers about this concern, they said they had reevaluated their materials and process, and were pleased that follow-up reports by Greenpeace later that year showed that there was no presence of TBT. However, I’ve been unable to find that follow-up report – only the original one. (Link below.)

Sodium polyacrylate (SAP) – SAP is short for super-absorbent polymer, and is a substance that has amazing absorbing properties that turn to gel when it gets wet. It is what allows disposables to be so absorbent yet so thin/not bulky. This was discontinued from use in tampons back in the 1980s for its link to toxic shock syndrome. SAP’s absorbency also means it’s a skin irritant, as the natural oils and moisture are absorbed from the skin. A lot of people report increased rashes and/or chemical burns from SAP. In 1987, reports about the new Pampers Ultra caused severe skin irritations, oozing blood from perineum and scrotal tissues, fever, vomiting, and staph infections in babies. Employees in Pampers factories suffered from tiredness, female organ problems, slow-healing wounds and weight loss. Disposable diaper manufacturers claim that the SAP in their diapers has undergone extensive testing and is safe for use. I found it very difficult to get clear information about SAP (no links to actual studies or research, just articles *about* the results), either on the pros or the cons, so it’s hard to know which side is “right”.

Other Benefits

Diaper rash – Cloth diapers have been linked to fewer instances of diaper rash. This is probably partly due to the fact that cloth diapers have to be changed more frequently, since they are less absorbent than disposable diapers. Some babies with sensitive skin can have allergic reactions to the chemicals in disposables. Also, the plastic in disposables are less “breathable” and can lead to higher temperatures.

Fewer leaks and blowouts – The first thing I noticed when I switched to cloth diapers when my daughter was 8 weeks old was that the frequent blowouts stopped. I can’t say I never had a cloth diaper leak, but it was a lot less than the disposables I had (using a variety of brands). I think this is a common experience. A lot of people say they don’t want to use cloth because it seems messy, but I personally found cleaning up the blowouts a lot more messy!

Potty train earlier – Many people claim that cloth diapers can lead to babies potty training earlier. The idea is that with cloth diapers, babies learn from an early age that being wet or soiled is equal to discomfort, and so that can translate to better communication about their potty needs/desires. Because disposable diapers are so absorbent, often babies don’t feel wet, so potty training is a bigger jump for them to make.

There Are Too Many to Choose From!

We’ve come a long way from the diaper pins and rubber pants our grandmothers used. However, it can get very overwhelming when you’re first researching what to buy! Be sure to read more about finding the right cloth diaper for your family.

Who WOULDN’T Want to Cloth Diaper?

Cloth diapering isn’t for everyone. If you’ve considered it and it doesn’t interest you, then by all means stock up on those disposables! Here are some other situations where cloth diapering might not be for you…

  • You don’t have your own washer. Besides the inconvenience of lugging diapers to the laundromat every week, you may have to deal with chemicals (bleach, additives, etc.) lurking around public washers, which could shorten the life span of your diapers. If you still think it’s worth it, consider getting prefolds – they are much more forgiving than diapers with elastic and can sit dirty for a longer period of time.
  • You work full-time. If both you and your partner work full-time, then you might consider only part-time cloth diapering, or just using disposables. You may find the laundry from full-time cloth diapering to be overwhelming, with everything else on your plate.
  • You find life overwhelming. I think as parents, it’s hard to admit sometimes that we can’t do everything. We want what is best for our kids, but we also have our own limitations as to how much we can handle, and those limitations are different for each person. I realized this when I gave up making my own baby food and just went with store-bought jarred, and I decided not to feel guilty about it. Each mom has things she feels are important, and sometimes just focusing on those things is enough. And I feel that as you get more comfortable in motherhood, you are more easily able to add things to your routine.

If you’re interested in cloth but don’t want to wash them yourself, then you might consider a diaper service if there are any in your area. I have heard that diaper services are usually the same as the cost of disposables – you’d have to look up the prices for your area to figure it out. If you’re more concerned about the ecological and health benefits of cloth than price, then this might be the ideal way to go.

Choosing the Best Disposables

You’ve read all the information and you agree with the concerns, but for whatever reason can’t or don’t want to do cloth. Are there any alternatives? There are a few good brands of disposables out there if you are concerned about the environmental and health concerns. (These, however, are not going to be your cheapest options.) I got the ingredients information from the manufacturers’ websites. The diapers that are labeled “chlorine-free” are either ECF or TCF – you’d have to do some more digging to figure out.
Chlorine-free, SAP free: Tushies, Broody Chick
Chlorine-free but contain small amount of SAP: Nature Babycare, GroVia Biodiapers
Others: Seventh Generation (chlorine-free, contains SAP, dyed brown to look more eco-friendly); gDiapers (elemental chlorine-free, contains SAP, 100% biodegradable); Huggies Pure & Natural (contain chlorine and SAP, organic cotton outside, “liner includes renewable materials”)

For More Reading

The information in this post was gleaned from many Google searches and a variety of websites. I tried to make sure the information was from a reliable source and/or backed up by other sources, but there aren’t many studies out there comparing cloth and disposables, and you can always find conflicting information sponsored by companies like Procter & Gamble (Pampers) and Kimberly-Clark (Huggies). It’s important for each individual to do the research and come to a conclusion he/she is comfortable with. Below are a few websites for further reading on the topics touched upon in this post.
Cloth Diaper cost calculator
Cost of utilities with cloth diapers
Cloth Diaper facts by Real Diaper Association
Great informational article on how disposable diapers are made
Factsheet on dioxins by the World Health Organization (2010)
More about TCF and ECF
Press release by Greenpeace about TBT in Pampers disposable diapers (2000)
More information about TBT in diapers (2000)
EPA report about the dangers of TBT
Article about the problems associated with SAP (2004)
Blog post about eco-friendly disposable diapers (2009)

*The diapers in the pictures of this post are the Grovia AI2 diaper system and a Thirsties Duo Wrap cover.

**This post contains affiliate links. When you click on them and purchase a product through Amazon.com, you help support our cause. Thank you! Atlanta Birth Center is not affiliated with nor endorses any specific brand.

Ashley

Discussion - 11 Comments

  • Louana George Apr 11, 2012 

    Years ago I did a cost comparison of diaper service to disposables and found that if a family was able to always buy disposables in bulk at a discount rate then the cost between them and diaper service was about the same. However, if they ran out of diapers and picked up a box at the local market then the cost went back up.

    • Emily Apr 11, 2012 

      Most families who use cloth now wash at home, so a comparison for a diaper service (which I would never use because of the bleach used to clean in a service) is not very relevant. What is relevant is that those who claim it is an environmental toss-up neglect to consider the resources which go into producing and distributing disposables, over and over and over again. Modern cloth diapering is not my mother’s diaper service.

  • Lisa Apr 11, 2012 

    Great Read! I Love cloth diapering! DD is 5 months and we started when she was 3 weeks old and have not looked back.

  • Amber Apr 11, 2012 

    Great post. But you knew that already. :)

  • Marianne Apr 12, 2012 

    Great read! Thanks for sharing! We’ve been CDing for about 6 months now and I really wish I had known more about it with my first child. I almost feel guilty that I used disposables on him after seeing some of the research. But I didn’t know any differently and when I thought of cloth diapers, I thought of the flats, pins and rubber pants that my mother diapered me with. Thank God a friend of mine introduced me to the modern cloth diapers! And a good thing too because my 7 month old boy has a major issue with disposable diapers. It was so bad when he was in the hospital that they had to let him sit without diapers and use no wipes on him…just water and gauze. So, the cost savings is awesome, but for me, the biggest advantage is that my son doesn’t get blisters all over his bottom anymore :)

  • Sarah Apr 12, 2012 

    We’ve done cloth diapers with Penelope for nearly 2 years now. We were never able to do disposables for more than a day or two because she would get terrible diaper rash. We found that the “organic” ones actually gave her worse rash than Huggies/Pampers – which is just weird to me. However, now that she’s nearly 2, and drinking 2-3 sippy cups of water PER DAY (sometimes more), she’s soaking through diapers faster than I can change her – like in less than an hour – and therefore soaking through all her clothes. Because she seems to have become a super-pee-er, we’ve been trying disposables again, with good results. I like what you said, Ashley, about not feeling guilty about decisions made for our children. It makes me feel better about switching back to disposables.

  • Ashley Apr 12, 2012 

    Sarah: I switched back to disposables with my 2 year old when I got pregnant. With my morning sickness (er, all-day sickness), I could not handle the laundry. I felt guilty at first, but then realized it was more important that my daughter is safe and fed, and that I take care of myself and the baby growing in my body. I miss cloth and am excited again to do it with my next child!

  • Adrienne Apr 14, 2012 

    I enjoyed this article as we will definitely be cloth diapering one day! I did want to say that there are laundry services that are available to pick up cloth diapers so folks without a washing machine should still consider cloth diapering. Also, I there are lots of full-time working parents who successfully cloth diaper. I’ve recently learned that there are more and more daycare centers that also accept “cloth diapered” children. Others have nannies or work from home, so cloth diapering is still an option for them as well. I’m glad to see so many folks cloth diapering or considering it!

  • karen bradley Jul 19, 2013 

    I’m new to cloth diapering, have lots of questions. Can you refer me to a store where I can go look and touch the diapers and talk to someone? I’m very confused and overwhelmed with all the different options. Even a person with experience would be helpful the websites I called don’t give me the specifics I’m looking for. Thanks!

    • Ashley Jul 21, 2013 

      Karen, there used to be a store up in Buford, but they have since closed. You can check out New Baby Products – they carry cloth diapers there, so you can touch and feel them. I don’t know how knowledgeable the staff is, but it’s definitely worth asking them. Another thing is to perhaps check out an Atlanta mom group. There’s a group called “Holistic Minded Moms” on Facebook that would probably be a good resource. Hope that helps!

    • Ashley Jul 23, 2013 

      Oh, someone just told me that Baby Love in Atlanta also sells some cloth diapers, and has cloth diapering classes. They have one coming up on July 27th. http://babyloveatlanta.com/

      (I have only been to their store once so I’m not sure their selection or what their classes are like, but you could probably call to find out!)

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